FAMOUS KILNS

  • Ru kiln

    Ru Kiln

    Glaze mixed with agate, clay with the color of incense ash, famous for its sky-blue color and tiny crackles. Ru kiln is one of the five famous kilns (Ru, Guan, Ge, Jun, Ding) in Song Dynasty, it is located in Ruzhou, hence its name. Now, the kiln site is in Qingliangsi Village, Daying Town, Baofeng County, Henan Province. Ru porcelain ranks the first among the five famous kilns in the porcelain history. Ru kiln has one of the famous traditional porcelain techniques, and Ru porcelain is the representative porcelain of the Northern Song Dynasty. Ruzhou had a long history of cultural accumulation, with abundant natural resources and merchants from all over the places. The governing of Zhenguan (title of the reign of Li Shimin, 2nd emperor of the Tang Dynasty) made the economy of Ruzhou enjoy unprecedented prosperity. The development of ceramics in Ruzhou promoted the prosperity of ceramics industry. The prosperity of the porcelain industry in Ruzhou showed the advanced porcelain techniques since the ancient times. Ru porcelain began to be fired from the middle of the Tang Dynasty, thrived in the Northern Song Dynasty, and it occupied a prominent position in the history of ceramics……
  • Guan Kiln

    Guan Kiln

    Guan kilnis one of the Five Famous Kilns of Song Dynasty China, making high-status stonewares, whose surface decoration relied heavily on crackled glaze, randomly crazed by a network of crack lines in the glaze.
  • Ge kiln

    Ge Kiln

    As one of the famous five kilns (Ru, Jun, Ge, Guan and Ding) in the Song Dynasty, Ge kiln holds the balance in the history. However, its original place is still in the air. Currently, most of the hand-down Ge wares are the treasures of the Palace in the Qing Dynasty. People get information of Ge wares mainly from literature. And the people's intuitive cognition only comes from the Guan wares in the museum, so the Ge ware is called “ the most mysterious porcelain” in China.
  • Jun porcelain dinnerware sets

    Jun Kiln

    Single color at first beginning, then colorful after burned out of kiln. Jun Kiln is one of the five famous kilns in Song Dynasty, together with Ru, Ding, Guan, Ge, known as “the five famous kilns” in Song Dynasty. The origin area of Jun porcelain was in Shenhou Town of Yuzhou city, Henan province. Rising from fancy glaze fired by Zhao’s kiln in Tang Dynasty, Jun porcelain of Liu’s kiln achieved success in the early Northern Song. In the late Northern Song Dynasty, the official Jun kiln was set up at ancient Juntai, near the northern door of Yuzhou city. Since Jun porcelain had reputation all around the world, it was imitated everywhere. Therefore, a large Jun kiln system was formed with Yuzhou city as the center. Began in Tang Dynasty, most of porcelains at that time were pots, plates and bowls. The brown glaze, with irregular colorful spots, such as bluish white, milky white and sky blue, seemed elegant and glossy. The fancy glaze porcelain originated from Tang Dynasty took advantage of the glaze flow, presenting the fambe-like artistic charm, fully and delightfully, bold and vigorous, full of wit and humor, chop and change, opening a way for the subsequent variegation of Jun glaze. During the Northern Song Dynasty, the stable social conditions provided advantages for the prosperous development of ceramic art. After a long-term exploration, the fambe techniques of fancy glaze porcelain became mature gradually. The flowery glaze color under natural fambe was crystal and clear, surpassing the fancy glaze porcelain in Tang Dynasty. The splendid beauty of fambe glaze shocked the court and the commonalty and it was beloved by refined scholars and nobilities. Finally, it received attention of the court in the beginning year of Emperor Huizong of Song Dynasty. Emperor Huizong ordered ……
  • Vase with beautiful feather engraved decorations ding porcelain

    Ding Kiln

    White as jade, thin as paper, sound as chime stone. Ding Kiln is one of the five famous kilns in Song Dynasty, together with Ru, Jun, Guan, Ge, known as “the five famous kilns” in Song Dynasty. The main producing area was in Jianci village of Quyang city, Henan province. It was named “Ding Kiln” because the area was under the jurisdiction of Dingzhou during Tang and Song Dynasty. It was folk kiln at the beginning, then it began to fire porcelains for royal court in the late Northern Song. It even replaced the status of white porcelain from Xing kiln, which was in fashion in Tang Dynasty. For its characteristics of “white as jade, as thin as paper, such as chime sound”, Ding porcelain became “the best porcelain in the world”. The beginning year to fire Ding porcelain can be dated back to Northern and Southern Dynasties, the latest to Xuande period of Ming Dynasty. From Northern and Southern Dynasties to the early Tang Dynasty, the main product of Ding kiln was northern celadon, mainly with yellow glaze and coarse grey body. In the middle of Tang Dynasty, Ding kiln began to fire coarse white porcelain, decorating with engobe. The mature period of Ding kiln was from the late Tang Dynasty to the early Song Dynasty, the body bone was pure white and fine, robust, with plenty of shapes. The firing atmosphere was mainly reduction flame and the glaze color was greenish white. The skill of incised decoration appeared in the middle of Song Dynasty, and Ding kiln developed in an all-around way during this period, hence became one of the……
  • Cizhou porcelain kiln cover

    Ci Kiln

    White body with black pigment, featured by its exquisite decoration. As the treasure of the traditional Chinese porcelain kiln, Cizhou kiln was the largest folk kiln system in the ancient northern China. Cizhou Kiln was a famous by the saying “Jingdezhen (a porcelain production place in Jiangxi province) in the South, Pengcheng (where Cizhou Kiln was located) in the North”. The kiln site was found in Pengcheng Town area of Fengfeng Mining District and Guantai Town of Ci county, Handan City, Hebei Province. Ci country was called Cizhou in ancient China, hence the name Cizhou Kiln. The shapes and patterns of Cizhou porcelains were popular then and had a wide range of influence. Therefore, Cizhou porcelains were imitated in quantity. And a enormous Cizhou kiln system was formed with Guantai Town of Handan City as the center. Cishan Neolithic Period Site was located at 20km north of Pengcheng, Cizhou area. It had began to burn potteries as early as 7500 years ago, and plenty of brown sandy potteries and red potteries were unearthed there. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences named it “Cishan Culture”, thus confirming the historical position of the area as the birthplace of ancient potteries. The pottery-firing techniques were mature during the period of the Western and Eastern Dynasties as well as the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The celadon and white engobe porcelain were burned at that time, completing the leap from pottery to porcelain. This is the initial stage for the transition of Cizhou kiln from glazed pottery to white engobe porcelain. In Song Dynasty, Cizhou kiln entered palm days. Cizhou porcelain was the model of northern folk porcelains in the Song Dynasty. Cizhou kiln aimed at practical, aesthetic and economic, whether in shape or in decoration. In the long-term practice……
  • Jian Kiln

    Jian Kiln

    Jian kiln is a type of Chinese pottery originally made in Jianyang, Fujian province. It, and local imitations of it.
  • Dehua Kiln

    Dehua Kiln

    Dehua kiln is famous for its white porcelain whose ceramic body and glaze are perfectly combined together. Because the glaze is distinguished with the pure white, it is also called "ivory", "lard white" "white onion " "Jian white" and "China white", etc..
  • Yue kiln

    Yue Kiln

    In the Song Dynasty, Yue Kiln became declined and began to produce civil porcelains in the folk. From then on, its great reputation was gradually replaced by the Longquan celadon kiln.
  • Jizhou Kiln

    Jizhou Kiln

    Jizhou kiln has a great variety and its decoration patterns are also rich. Meanwhile, its practicality can be well harmonious with its artistic effects. In Chinese history, the wares of Jizhou kiln are one of the most important commodities in the Song Dynasty and the Yuan Dynasty.
  • Yaozhou Kiln

    Yaozhou Kiln

    Beginning in the Tang Dynasty, Yaozhou kiln mainly produced the black, white and celadon wares. The Yaozhou celadons have greatly developed in the Song Dynasty and reached its peak in the late Northern Song Dynasty.Among celadon kilns in the north of the Song Dynasty, Yaozhou kiln ranked the first with great reputation. Its extraordinary handcraft skill as well as the free and lively style have greatly influenced different kilns at that time and also achieved the wide spread.
  • Longquan kiln

    Longquan Kiln

    Longquan kiln is a type of green-glazed Chinese ceramic, known in the West as celadon or greenware, produced from about 950 to 1550. The kilns were mostly located in Lishui prefecture in southwestern Zhejiang Province in the south of China, and the north of Fujian Province.
  • Jingdezhen Kiln

    Jingdezhen Kiln

    Jingdezhen porcelain is Chinese porcelain produced in or near Jingdezhen in southern China. Jingdezhen may have produced pottery as early as the sixth century CE, though it is named after the reign name of Emperor Zhenzong, in whose reign it became a major kiln site, around 1004.

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